The regime of the Second Republic of Poland commenced to take shape already during the Regency Council 1917-1918 when the political foundations of the reborn Polish state were laid The next breakthrough event took place already after the end of the First World War, on 14 November 1918, when the Regency Council handed over the absolute power to Jozef Pilsudski, which was followed by its subsequent self-dissolution. Immediately thereafter, as the temporary head of the Polish state, and in line with the expectations and wishes of the majority of the society, Pilsudski issued a decree transforming the form of the Polish state from a monarchy to a republic. The President of the Council of Ministers enjoyed a special status in the government of the Polish Republic, owing it to special competences and authorities stipulated in the constitutional provisions and other laws and regime practice. The Council of Ministers was a collegiate body which constituted the government and its basic task was to coordinate the work of individual ministers, supervise the work of the executive bodies and set out both the internal and foreign policies to be followed by the government. Its structure, however, was never regulated and neither the Little Constitution of 1919 nor the March Constitution 1921 provided for any norms in that regard either. Hence the Seym frequently intervened in the decisions made by individual parliamentary commissions, which was obviously a negative phenomenon. The government was under a constant pressure not only exercised by political parties and the Seym committees but even by individual deputies. The parliamentary rule was relatively ineffective and the fact that the Council of Ministers was not given sufficient authority increased its dependency on the Seym which consisted of representatives of different political parties permanently fighting with each other.
May 17, 2017
Nov 5, 2013
|Ustrój Rady Ministrów, ministerstw i system kontroli resortowej w Polsce w latach 1918–1928||May 17, 2017|